Birders know the importance of birdsong for species identification. In the Ornithological Biography, Audubon frequently describes phonetically the calls and songs of many species, which underscores his extensive field observations. 

Featured here is a selection from the 127 recordings of birds in Part II of The Complete Flock. For full information on each of these watercolors by Audubon, please visit our collection’s website: emuseum.nyhistory.org. The audio is courtesy of the Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York.

White-crowned Pigeon (Patagioenas leucocephala), 1863.17.177
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Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), 1863.17.181
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Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus satrapa), 1863.17.183
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Black-throated Mango (Anthracothorax nigricollis), 1863.17.184
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Bachman’s Warbler (Vermivora bachmanii), 1863.17.185
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Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido), 1863.17.186
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Northern Saw-whet Owl (Aegolius acadicus), 1863.17.199
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Horned Lark (Eremophila alpestris), 1863.17.200
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Wood Duck (Aix sponsa), 1863.17.206
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Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias), 1863.17.211
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Atlantic Puffin (Fratercula arctica), 1863.17.213
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Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor), 1863.17.217
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Black Guillemot (Cepphus grylle), 1863.17.219
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White Ibis (Eudocimus albus), 1863.17.222
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American Oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus), 1863.17.223
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Whooping Crane (Grus americana), 1863.17.226
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Northern Pintail (Anas acuta), 1863.17.227
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Greater Scaup (Aythya marila), 1863.17.229
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Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus), 1863.17.231
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Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus), 1863.17.232
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Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), 1863.17.236
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Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa), 1863.17.238
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Snowy Egret (Egretta thula), 1863.17.242
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Wilson’s Snipe (Gallinago delicata), 1863.17.243
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Common Eider (Somateria mollissima), 1863.17.246
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Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis), 1863.17.251
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Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus), 1863.17.252
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Reddish Egret (Egretta rufescens), 1863.17.256
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Leach’s Storm-Petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa), 1863.17.260
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Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis), 1863.17.261
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American Woodcock (Scolopax minor), 1863.17.268
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Magnificent Frigatebird (Fregata magnificens), 1863.17.271
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Herring Gull (Larus argentatus), 1863.17.291
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Featured here is a selection from the 175 recordings of birds in Part I of The Complete Flock. For full information on each of these watercolors by Audubon, please visit our collection’s website: emuseum.nyhistory.org. The audio is courtesy of the Macaulay Library at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, New York.

Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), 1863.17.31
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Baltimore Oriole (Icterus galbula), 1863.17.12
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Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus) Yellow-shafted, 1863.17.37
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Barred Owl (Strix varia), 1863.17.46
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Chestnut-sided Warbler (Dendroica pensylvanica), 1863.17.59
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White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus), 1863.17.63
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Red-Winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus), 1863.17.67
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Henslow’s Sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii), 1863.17.70
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Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatus), 1863.17.72
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Merlin (Falco columbarius), 1863.17.75
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Eastern Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus), 1863.17.82
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Black-throated Magpie-Jay (Calocitta colliei), 1863.17.96
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Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris), 1863.17.98
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Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus), 1863.17.111
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Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus), 1863.17.127
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American Robin (Turdus migratorius), 1863.17.131
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Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna), 1863.17.136
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American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos), 1863.17.156
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Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis), 1863.17.160
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Crested Caracara (Caracara cheriway), 1863.17.161
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Carolina Parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis), 1863.17.26
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Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius), 1863.17.62
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Ivory-billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis), 1863.17.66
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